Kompost: Supernährstoff aus Biomüll - NIKIN EU

Compost: Supernutrient from organic waste

How does an onion peel or a rotten apple actually become earth again? Your own compost has a number of advantages and that's why it's worth disposing of organic waste in a species-appropriate manner.

How does an onion peel or a rotten apple actually become earth again? Your own compost has a number of advantages and that's why it's worth disposing of organic waste in a species-appropriate manner.

Compost

The compost that is so useful in the garden is actually a decomposition product. When organic material is broken down by the microorganisms in the soil with sufficient oxygen supply, not only humus but also minerals such as phosphates and nitrates are formed. What happens naturally in nature gives us end products that we would otherwise have to buy in the form of artificial fertilizers that are not very environmentally friendly.

As a hobby gardener, you can also compost yourself and produce at least some of the compost used in the garden. Another advantage: the contents of the organic waste bin are significantly reduced. Because garden and kitchen waste can be put in the compost.

Many advantages - especially with homemade compost

Composting produces hardly any CO2 - approximately as much as the composted plant components absorbed through photosynthesis during their natural life. A much larger part of the CO2, however, is bound in humus, which is also created during composting. Compost is not only CO2-neutral, but also reduces dangerous carbon.

The humus substances give the potting soil or garden soil new fertility and thus improve the overall soil quality. In addition, the soil does not run the risk of becoming salinized when using compost as fertilizer, as is the case with mineral fertilizer. Not to mention that you get out of the chain of industrial production, transport and sale of artificial fertilizer, thereby conserving other resources.

If you don't want to or can't make your own compost, you still have the option of buying it ready-made. However, you have little control over the quality. More and more experts are criticizing the increasing microplastic content in compost. For the best results, you just have to shred it yourself.

Hummus

Composting is not that difficult: what can go in the compost - and what can't

Because you can easily make nutrient-rich super fertilizer yourself. The composted materials determine the quality of the finished compost. Kitchen waste from fruit and vegetables, grass clippings or leftovers from the vegetable harvest are particularly recommended. Leaves and twigs from the garden are less productive because it takes a while for them to actually be composted. The mixture of ingredients should therefore not be too voluminous.

Can be composted:

  • Fruit and vegetable waste, fallen fruit
  • Waste from kitchen and garden
  • Coffee grounds and tea leaves, also with the filter (paper)
  • Cut flowers and potted plants
  • Small animal dung expressly only from herbivores
  • Crushed eggshells
  • Wood cutting
  • Weeds pulled up, but before flowering
  • Leaves and grass, moss, needles of conifers

 

Not allowed in the compost:

  • Meat scraps, fish waste, cooked food scraps, oil, fat
  • Fruit bowls from tropical fruits
  • Diseased plants
  • Plastic, glass, metal
  • Diapers
  • The contents of the vacuum cleaner bag
  • Dog or cat feces
  • Cigarette butt

 

Smaller is better

No matter which of the permissible materials go into the compost, it is always better if the substances are no more than a finger long. Particularly hard components should be crushed and before adding, make sure that everything that is not organic is removed. After layering, always mix the upper layers well, as this makes work easier for the small soil creatures and speeds up composting.

How long does composting take?

During the warmer months it can be done very quickly - then the compost is ready after six, sometimes even four months. It takes longer in winter, so if you don't start your compost until October, you may not be able to use it until the beginning of summer. The ideal time to apply compost is in late autumn, so it is better to start it in spring.

It's easy to tell that the compost is ready - you can mix the loose, downright fluffy substance well with your hands without anything sticking. And: good, mature compost doesn't smell.

Balcony Compost

Better than the trash can – and good for the garden

Making compost yourself is not that difficult, and if you have a garden or allotment, you can easily build a composting device yourself or buy it from a garden center. The kitchen and garden waste is returned to nature, and expensive and harmful artificial fertilizers can be avoided. But even those who only garden on balconies can use compost - potted and balcony plants and the plants in raised beds also appreciate nature's superpower.

 

Although we at NIKIN are primarily committed to combating global deforestation, we also want to make our community aware of the possibility of sustainable behavior in other areas of life. Working against nature through composting is one such option.

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