E-Autos: Umweltfreundliche(re) Mobilität - NIKIN EU

E-cars: more environmentally friendly mobility

Electric cars are on the rise: several manufacturers want to stop producing conventional combustion engines in the foreseeable future. Are electric cars the solution?

Electric cars are on the rise: several manufacturers want to stop producing conventional combustion engines in the foreseeable future. Are electric cars the solution?

E-Car

E-mobility is on everyone's lips given the discussion about human-induced climate change. According to some - although not all - experts in the field of individual mobility, vehicles with electric drives can make a significant contribution to reducing CO2 emissions and thus at least partially relieving the burden on the global climate. But what makes electric cars so special?

How does an electric car work?

Just like a “combustion engine”, the electric car does not run without a motor, except that the motor draws its energy from the electricity stored in the battery. The storage energy can be used mechanically by generating alternately attractive and repulsive magnetic fields via the components of the AC motor.

In order to achieve this effect, several important components are required, including

  • High and low voltage batteries
  • the electric motor
  • the so-called power electronics
  • a charging port

 

The high-voltage battery is the actual storage part of the battery. This has to be charged again and again at a charging station. The “capacity” of the battery determines how far the electric vehicle can travel before it needs to be recharged. Ranges of between 100 and around 600 kilometers are currently possible.

Lithium-ion batteries are used in most electric cars - primarily because of the fast charging times and high storage capacity.

Another battery is required to operate the electronics on board, which operate the windshield wipers, the lights, but also the radio and GPS. The actual motor creates the magnetic fields that generate torque and thus set the vehicle in motion. The energy from the battery is modified via the power electronics in order to be able to meet the requirements of the motor.

The most important differences to the combustion engine

Unlike the usual car engine, electric cars are not powered by fossil fuels. Neither petroleum products such as petrol or diesel nor gas are required for the journey. This makes the overexploitation of nature, but also the production of waste products from petroleum, including plastic, redundant.

Since no fossil fuels are burned, the pollutants produced during the combustion process are not produced. And if the charging current required for the electric car is generated in a sustainable way, i.e. through photovoltaics, water or wind power, the journey is initially an unadulterated joy.

In addition, electric cars are quiet! No roaring engine, no rattling exhaust - even at higher speeds, the electric car stalks along almost eerily quietly.

Many advantages – but also disadvantages

So an electric vehicle has a lot of advantages. However, the driving fun isn't exactly cheap. However, that is not the most important counterargument. Because environmental pollution still occurs. On the one hand, through the extraction of lithium, aluminum and other raw materials that are used in the batteries, but on the other hand also through the origin of the charging energy. If the “electric filling station” gets its electricity from coal, among other things, the electric car is only slightly less harmful to the environment than a combustion engine. When refueling, you have to look carefully - it is ideal if the charging current comes predominantly from water or wind power.

Exciting facts about electric cars

What is touted as a groundbreaking innovation is not one at all - and very few people know other interesting facts about electric vehicles:

  • Electric cars were first manufactured over 170 years ago - in Aberdeen, Scotland.
  • The best-selling electric car is not Tesla, but a model from Nissan. The Chinese manufacturer NIO has also caught up, especially with SUVs.
  • Electric cars that can travel up to 600 kilometers have been around for 10 years.
  • The hydrogen-based fuel cell is the future alternative to the battery. Electric cars with built-in solar cells that continually recharge the battery have also already been introduced.
  • As of the end of 2020, the absolute leader among electric vehicles in Europe is the Renault brand. With 95,985 registrations (plus 80% compared to the previous year) of the purely electric models ZOE and Kangoo Z.E and Twingo Electric, the French manufacturer secures pole position on the European electric vehicle market. Success in Switzerland too: The 100% electric powered ZOE is the number 1 of all models in the small car segment in 2020. And with the new Renault Twingo Electric, Switzerland's cheapest electric car recently came onto the market.
  • Although the maintenance costs for an electric car are not zero, they are almost exactly half as high as for a conventional combustion engine due to the elimination of the oil and its filter. The lithium-ion batteries in a Renault guarantee an endurance of around 160,000 kilometers, although some vehicles, depending on use, have already achieved a lifespan of over 200,000 kilometers.

 

E-Car Renault

Although there is still a lot to be done with this exciting technology, the first steps have been taken. E-cars are suitable for everyday use. Even though most of our team travels by public transport, NIKIN also recently owned a Renault electric car. Above all, we want to handle smaller transports and participation in events such as pop-up stores or festivals in a sustainable manner and also stay true to our sustainability standards with the company vehicle!

So far we are absolutely satisfied with the performance of our new Renault ZOE and the great advice from Aare Touring Garage AG from Buchs (AG), with whom we enjoy a great partnership. If you are interested or have any questions, the competent and extremely friendly specialist staff will be happy to advise you about their range of electric cars. We wish you a safe and pleasant journey, perhaps soon with your own electric car.

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