Die 10 grössten Wälder der Welt - NIKIN EU

The 10 largest forests in the world

Trees and their functions are vital for humans and animals. Many trees together form a forest, which immediately serves as a source of food and habitat. With the spread of human civilization, millions of hectares of forest had to give way. We present the 10 largest forests that remain.

Trees and their functions are vital for humans and animals. Many trees together form a forest, which immediately serves as a source of food and habitat. With the spread of human civilization, millions of hectares of forest had to give way. We present the 10 largest forests that remain.

Forest

#10 Primorye Forest

The smallest of the ten giants is located in southeastern Russia. With its 130,000 km2, the Primorye Forest covers an area equivalent to 18.2 million football fields. It is home to many endangered species such as the Siberian tiger. According to current information, there are only 500 copies left. It is also the only forest in the world where tigers, bears and leopards coexist.

#9 Burmese tropical rainforest

Myanmar, Asia, is home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world. It lies between the Pacific and Indian Oceans, near the equator and is rich in biodiversity due to various environmental conditions that it has witnessed to date. It provides a habitat for a large number of exotic animal species, such as the Asian elephant, gibbons and Bengal tigers.

Originally, this forest was part of a much larger environmental system, but due to increased deforestation by humans and their industrial use of wood, its size is shrinking more and more the longer. Today its size is (still) around 233,000 km2. If something doesn't change soon, the forest will probably disappear from the world map within our lifetime.

#8 Valdivian Rainforest

One of the youngest and largest forests in the world stretches across the two countries of Chile and Argentina. Only 17,000 years ago this landscape was still covered by eternal ice. The animals living here are comparatively very small. For example, the smallest species of deer, Pudu, and the smallest wild cat, Kodkod, live in this region. Unfortunately, this forest is only partially protected and is therefore at risk from increasing deforestation.

#7 Tropical rainforest in Borneo

The oldest tropical rainforest in the world is on Borneo; it has existed for around 140 million years. In addition to the over 10,000 different plant species, there are also rare animal species such as the Sumatran rhinoceros, whose population is estimated at just 250 animals worldwide.

Borneo's best-known animal, the Borneo orangutan, is also on the list of animals threatened with extinction, in the highly endangered column. This is largely due to the ever-increasing deforestation of forests for industrial goods such as palm oil. In order to ensure the preservation of this biodiversity, NIKIN also plants trees here in collaboration with Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS Switzerland). The size of the forest is currently around 290,000 km2, but if something doesn't change soon, the area will shrink faster than you would like.

#6 New Guinea Tropical Rainforest

One of the most extraordinary rainforests in the world is in New Guinea. In addition to the various plants and animals, more than 1,000 indigenous people live in this forest. In addition, a large part of the forest is still unexplored, making it a hotspot for researchers from all over the world. The fact that 5-10% of all animal species on earth live here makes it all the more interesting for researchers and so it is not surprising that large parts of the 545,000 km2 forest are under protection.

#5 Tropical rainforest in Congo

In contrast to the Valdivian rainforest, a large number of rather large animals live here, including gorillas, hippopotamus and the African elephant, which is, by the way, the largest animal that lives on land. As in the rainforest of New Guinea, some shoots and indigenous peoples still live in harmony with nature. Although it is currently one of the forests least affected by deforestation, there is a great risk of deforestation due to its wealth of resources. It currently has a size of around 1,780,000 km2 and is therefore the second largest rainforest in the world.

Congo

#4, #3, #2 The Taiga

The taiga once stretched from Canada through Norway to Siberia. However, due to natural changes and continental shifts, the forest split into three separate parts. However, since it is basically one and the same system, numbers 4, 3 and 2 are combined here.

The taiga is known for the enormous variety of fir trees, but due to its geographical location, the biodiversity here is not wide. In winter temperatures can drop to -40°C or lower.

But various animal species such as bears, wolves, foxes and beavers also live in this actually hostile area. Despite its one-sidedness in terms of tree species, the taiga absorbs more CO2 from the atmosphere than tropical and temperate forests combined. Therefore, targeted protection of these forests is essential, but unfortunately it is currently only very poorly guaranteed.

The Canadian Boreal Forest covers most of the taiga with around 4,200,000 km2, the East Siberian taiga extends over a size of around 3,900,000 km2 and even the smallest part, has an impressive area of ​​over 2,156,000 km2. Overall, the taiga covers around 30% of the world's forest reserves.

#1 Amazon

The undisputed number 1 is probably the most famous forest on earth, the South American Amazon. With its incredible 5,500,000 km2, the forest not only has the largest area of ​​all forests, but is also home to one in ten species existing on earth. It is the most diverse forest and has the largest range of plants and animals in the world. In total, an estimated 290 trillion trees grow in the Amazon. Animals such as jaguars, spider monkeys, toucans, sloths and thousands of other species are among its inhabitants. It is an impressive 55 million years old, but due to human influence the Amazon has already lost 20% of its original size. That's around 800,000 km2, the equivalent of the Primorye Forest, the Burmese Rainforest and the Valdivian Rainforest (numbers 10, 9 and 8) combined! An incredible 90% of it was cleared for the livestock industry.

Amazon

Life without forests is impossible and that's why it's up to us to do something about global deforestation. Even small steps can make a big difference. Donate a tree via OneTreePlanted, or lend a hand yourself and make the earth a greener and therefore more beautiful place.

OneTreePlanted is a long-standing partner of NIKIN, with whom we enjoy a great collaboration. For every product sold, we plant a tree together with OneTreePlanted in a place in the world where it is urgently needed. For example, if you order a Treeanie from us, the planting of a tree will automatically be initiated. With your order we will also send a personal tree certificate confirming that a tree will be planted in your name.

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8 comments

merci pour cet article

hayet

J’aime bien tout ce qui concerne la flaure et la faune et je vous soutien

Bienheureuse

Sorry, please ignore my last comment, I now see that you referred to it as the taiga, not the boreal, which is what it’s known as where I live.

Evelynne

Isn’t the Boreal Forest not the largest in the world? Considering it’s 12 million km2 and accounts for 1/3 of the entire world’s forests? Is there a reason you do not consider this continual forest a forest at all, or have you just missed it? Thank you, Evelynne.

Evelynne

Gibt’s in Frankfurt oder in der Nähe echte Wald-Freunde oder AG die auf Nonprofitbasis gegenseitig bereichern bezogen auf Wissen und Lebensfreude.
Wir können auch eine neue AG Gründen habe kostenlos Räume wo man sich treffen kann.

Alfons

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