Die größten CO2 Speicher der Welt: Wo Kohlendioxid eingelagert wird - NIKIN EU

The largest CO2 storage facilities in the world: Where carbon dioxide is stored

CO2 is the most commonly cited greenhouse gas in connection with climate change and the amounts of carbon dioxide emitted today are noticeably damaging the planet. In order to maintain nature that is livable for animals and humans in the long term, humanity must consider two important factors. On the one hand, we must significantly reduce our greenhouse gas emissions in order to minimize the emission of further CO2. At least as important, however, is the preservation of natural CO2 stores - these are natural ecosystems that bind and store a particularly large amount of CO2 from the atmosphere. Here we introduce you to the three largest CO2 storage units and their functions.

Der CO2-Speicher Wald nimmt eine zentrale Rolle ein | NIKIN Blog
Image: The characteristic green of plants not only looks beautiful, but also converts CO2 into oxygen.

CO2 storage trees

Trees are known to be the “lungs of the world”. Through photosynthesis, they filter CO2 from the air and return fresh oxygen to the atmosphere - the carbon is stored in the process, which is why the CO2 storage forest and the CO2 storage rainforest are particularly important. When forests are cut down, on the one hand this affects the storage capacity of the forests, on the other hand the stored CO2 is naturally released again when wood is burned. How much this is is illustrated by the “lifetime performance” of individual trees. An 80-year-old Douglas fir, for example, has an average of 3.7 tons of CO2 stored – as much as a return flight Zurich-Montreal (Canada)!

Der CO2 Speicher Regenwald speichert CO2 | NIKIN Blog
Image: The high plant density in the rainforest ensures a particularly strong CO2 storage effect.

CO2 storage sea

The CO2 storage ocean is just as important as the CO2 storage forest. The oceans and the plants living in them convert CO2 into oxygen through photosynthesis - just like 'ordinary' plants. The CO2 level in the ocean remained largely stable over the millennia until the beginning of global industrialization, and the CO2-oxygen exchange between the oceans and the atmosphere was in balance. Since industrialization, however, the oceans have increasingly become a kind of CO2 dumping ground - the ocean's absorption capacity is reaching its limits and the water is becoming acidic. In the long term, acidic water leads to the death of various marine life and plants and to coral bleaching. This also causes the oceans' photosynthesis capacity to collapse, which in turn leads to even more acidic waters - a vicious circle that needs to be broken.

Der CO2 Speicher Ozean nimmt besonders viel CO2 auf | NIKIN Blog
Image: Coral reefs in the ocean store CO2 particularly efficiently - and are at great risk due to the acidification of the world's oceans.

CO2 storage moor

The fact that soils play an important role in CO2 storage is less known than the importance of forests and seas. CO2 storage in the ground includes the gas that is bound in deeper layers of the earth, but carbon dioxide is also literally “banned” in moors or in the permafrost soil. By draining moors and warming polar climate zones, this embedded CO2 is released again and the ability of living moors and the plants they contain is destroyed.

Der CO2 Speicher Moore trägt viel zur globalen CO2 Speicherung ein | NIKIN Blog
Image: Soils and moors also absorb CO2 - a fact that is often forgotten.

Protect system-critical CO2 storage units

It took a very long process in geological history to make life possible on Earth. Plants in particular, together with the absorption capacity of soils and oceans, ensured that the ammonia-carbon mixture of the early atmosphere changed very slowly. The result is the biodiversity of the “blue planet”. The currently high and still rising global CO2 emissions are shaking the cornerstones of the natural CO2 cycle - and the damage to important CO2 reservoirs such as forests, seas and soils will exponentially increase the consequences of this development. That's why it's more important today than ever to draw attention to these biological processes and to be more mindful of our own consumer behavior.

NIKIN is committed to exactly this: on the one hand, we want to use such informative blogs to help create greater environmental awareness, and on the other hand, we want to offer an alternative to mass consumption with the help of our products. We plant a tree for each of our products and thus promote the preservation of one of these most important CO2 reservoirs: the forest. Support us on this mission - together we keep the world green, #treebytree!

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