Urban Farming: Städtische Versorgung durch Landwirtschaft in der Stadt - NIKIN EU

Urban Farming: Urban supply through agriculture in the city

Having your own garden with large trees, colorful flowers and fresh vegetables – a dream for many. Unfortunately, for people who live in a city, this often remains a dream. But with the principle of “Urban Farming” you can also make this dream come true on your own terrace.

A private garden with large trees, colorful flowers and fresh vegetables – a dream for many. Unfortunately, for people who live in a city, this often remains a dream. But with the principle of “urban farming” you can also make this dream come true on your own terrace.

Urban Farming

Urban agriculture, which is exactly what is meant by “urban farming”, is on the rise. More and more city dwellers are using every available space to grow food in densely populated centers. It is not uncommon to find several urban farming projects in large cities that also work together.

What is behind the term urban farming?

What makes cultivation in the city so special? How does urban farming differ from allotment gardens, for example? Well, for one thing, it’s not (just) about self-care. Many urban cultivation projects sell their products, be it at local weekly markets, local restaurants or organic shops nearby. The charitable donation of products to food banks and soup kitchens is also conceivable. Allotment gardens or growing areas in the backyard, on the other hand, serve the owners' own needs.

And while allotments and domestic vegetable gardens are part of the planned inventory of a community, urban farming projects are created wherever there is space - on vacant lots, on roofs and terraces, sometimes in schools or public parks.

Where did the idea actually come from?

The “roots” of urban cultivation can possibly be traced back to the First World War. Because the war devastated cultivated areas across Europe, citizens were expressly encouraged to use vacant land within city limits to grow vegetables. The idea gained momentum during the Great Depression and in many cases contributed to survival.

And during the Second World War, cities and towns released even more land space - with good reason, as the so-called "victory gardens" produced food worth (at the time) the equivalent of around 3 million US dollars. A remarkable achievement, and a significant portion of US urban farming production was even shipped to soldiers overseas.

Urban Farming

What can be grown in urban farming?

Everything that grows in a normal field also grows in an urban context. This includes all kinds of vegetables, salads, root vegetables, but also perennials such as corn. Fruit, especially berries, can also be easily grown, and even fruits such as apples, pears or peaches and much more can be planted - but the latter is more likely in specially designed espalier varieties. An urban farming project can be supplemented by keeping bees, which not only produce honey but also pollinate the plants, and small animals such as rabbits or guinea pigs, even poultry, can also be part of such projects.

How do urban farmers proceed?

There are of course limits to this type of cultivation. The most important of these are the very small areas. Therefore, the use of large machines is not possible; work is largely done manually. In addition, many urban farming projects are working on how to grow more and more effectively, but at the same time sustainably, in a small space. The methods mostly come from organic farming - this applies to plant protection as well as pest control. Even water consumption is covered by sophisticated systems, often from gray water or similar wastewater, which are compatible with food production. Urban farming also uses special lighting where there is a lack of sunlight if there is no other option on the property. In fact, everything is thought of to optimize the yield in a reasonable way.

Urban Farming

The many advantages of urban farming

Growing in the city has many advantages. The most important of these is of course the availability of fresh products that do not have to be transported far and packaged in an environmentally harmful way. In addition, the products are often organic in quality.

In addition, green spaces and cultivated areas in the city play their part in purifying the air and enable people to have close contact with nature. Children and young people in particular have the opportunity to learn gardening - often the foundation for a lifelong fascination.

Quite a few municipalities release land for urban farming. Anyone who is interested in this type of sustainable agriculture on a small scale but really doesn't have the space can inquire with the city or municipality. Watching something grow is a joy, increases the quality of life and enhances the entire environment. Urban farming definitely has a future!

Urban farming – on your own balcony

Of course, urban farming can also take place on a smaller scale, i.e. at home. Herbs and vegetables are particularly suitable for your own terrace. Having fresh lettuce, basil and tomatoes on your plate every day is not only delicious and healthy, but also cheap. In addition, caring for your own garden is not only sustainable, but also a nice and varied job to simply switch off for a bit.

 

We at NIKIN are primarily committed to sustainability in fashion and are committed to preserving forests - but we hope that with our blog we were able to arouse your interest in urban farming and motivate you to rethink your own lifestyle to possibly make it more sustainable.

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