The tree – a miracle of nature. In 7 interesting tree-facts you can learn more about our green fellow inhabitants, who give us so much and therefore have to be respected and protected.
Trees are beautiful, we all agree on that. A tree-covered parkland or forest is perceived by most people as oases of tranquility. Just lie under a green tree and enjoy the sunlight falling through the leaves - great! While we relax, the tree is at work. Because this very sunlight helps him to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. The fact that we can breathe deeply under a tree and relax, therefore has several reasons.
But trees do even more.
The forests of our planet are home to more than 80% of the species of our planet - this applies to flora and fauna. We still do not know some of them or have only begun to explore them. In addition to their role as oxygen factories and conservation guards, forests help bind soils. Especially in mountainous regions, trees ensure that landslides are less common. And a tree-covered area can bind more water. Where the woods give way, the first step to desertification is done.
Time to keep in mind what trees are doing for us.
There are about 60,000 tree species. Really true! Unfortunately, several hundred species are threatened with extinction. This affects not only "free-living" trees, but also, for example, old fruit trees, which are less and less desired and maintained because of lack of "fertility".
2. From very small to huge
Japanese garden art is dedicated to the artificial dwarfing of trees. Bonsai is the name of the technique in which normal, fully grown trees reach a height of perhaps 30 or 40 centimeters through rooting and wiring of the branches. And that can be centuries old pine or sycamore trees!
In contrast, the redwoods of California, which can reach a height of over one hundred meters. The tallest sequoia, in Redwood National Park, California, is 115 feet tall. Germany's highest tree, a Douglas fir, brings it to at least 66 meters.
3. Big things
Trees can become very extensive. Bald cypresses, mangroves and African bread trees are right up there. The record holds a bald cypress with 46 meters circumference!
4. Old as a tree ...
... the Puhdys wanted to become once. But here they should have been a bit more precise. Not all trees are getting very old. The colorful flame trees of Madagascar grow very fast, but are often already rotten at an age of 25 - 40 years. By contrast, slow-growing trees can reach old age. Unfortunately, how old a tree really is can only be determined after it has been felled. The tree rings, the pattern of the cut trunk, allow counting the years of life: one ring per year is added. Also, the nature and thickness of the rings is instructive - they indicate whether a tree has lived through good or rather lean years.
Trees that are very old, for example, olive trees. Some of the old trees in the Garden of Gethsemane near Jerusalem may actually have stood there as little saplings in the times of Jesus. The record probably holds a Swedish spruce, which expels more than 9,000 (!) Years from always the same root.
5. Trees are sociable!
Only a few years ago it is accepted that plants are living things. They develop and "move", but so slowly that some things only become visible in fast motion. As science now knows, trees communicate with each other. They exchange and even operate something like brood care. This is possible through a network of fungi in the forest floor, the so-called mycorrhiza. These fungi are mainly dependent on trees, because they provide the fungus with a sugar solution, which results from the photosynthesis. And amazingly, the fungus continues to route this sugar solution to young saplings, which are closely related to the "mother tree". This ensures that these young trees can thrive in the shade of the mother plant despite low light!
6. Trees have a perception
How far the communication ability of the trees actually goes - there is still the beginning of research. The fact is that trees perceive environmental parameters and take them into account in their development. If you like, trees are able to solve problems (other plants, too, by the way). Above all, thanks to the perception of the sensitive root tips, the tree "decides" its growth direction and bypasses, for example, salty soils.
7. Nationwide: the Euro-Asian coniferous forest
By the way - even if the forest is in retreat in many parts of the world and needs and gets energetic support from our tree planters, you could still walk through the forest almost continuously from the west coast of Norway to Alaska!
Preserve trees, protect forests
So plants and trees are not just decorative seating for birds. Although research is still in its infancy, it quickly becomes clear that we are dealing with co-inhabitants of our planet. They give us a lot. We should show some appreciation.
At NIKIN, we plant a tree for every product sold - at more than 10 locations worldwide. Of course, the same species are not planted everywhere, but locally suitable ones that are selected by experts.